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Trang chủ > Lớp 11 > Tiếng Anh > Tiếng Anh lớp 11 > Lesson 3.3. Grammar and Writing

Lesson 3.3. Grammar and Writing

Grammar

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Giới thiệu bài học

Bài giảng Grammar and Writing sẽ giúp các em nắm được những kiến thức cơ bản về:

  • Grammar: To-infinitives after certain adjectives and nouns
  • Writing: Writing a letter requesting further information about a course

Nội dung bài học

Tóm tắt lý thuyết trong bài giảng

  1. To-infinitive after nouns / adjectives

We can use the to-infinitive after certain adjectives to give a reason for the adjectives.

            Noun / Pronoun + linking verb + adjective + to-infinitive

Adjectives: glad, happy, lucky, amazed, surprised, proud, determined, pleased, sorry, disappointed, sad, afraid

Examples:

  • I’m happy to see my former teacher again.
  • I’m pleased to hear about your news.

We can use the to-infinitive in structures with It and certain adjectives to make a comment or judgment.

It + linking verb + adjective (for somebody) + to-infinitive

Adjectives: easy, difficult, hard, interesting, boring, nice, great, good, possible, impossible, likely, important, necessary, unreasonable

Examples:

  • It is interesting to talk to him.
  • It is important for me to have confidence in myself.

 We can use the to-infinitive in structures with It and certain adjectives to make a comment or judgment.

It + linking verb + adjective (for somebody) + to-infinitive

Adjectives: easy, difficult, hard, interesting, boring, nice, great, good, possible, impossible, likely, important, necessary, unreasonable

Examples:

  • It is interesting to talk to him.
  • It is important for me to have confidence in myself.

We can use to-infinitives after certain abstract nouns to say what action they relate to.

            Noun + to-infinitive

Nouns: advice, ability, ambition, anxiety, attempt, chance, decision, dream, failure, permission, plan, request, wish, way, demand, determination, effort, offer, willingness

Examples:

  • Your dream to become a teacher will come true.
  • You should find a way to deal with this problem.
  1. Writing:

Suggest a writing sample. (đưa ra bài viết mẫu ví dụ cho bài tập SGK)

  1. Ví dụ trong bài giảng                                                                            

Ví dụ 1. Exercise 2, page 33 course book

Rewrite the sentences, using the to-infinitive.

Example:

We were happy because we met some interesting people.

=> We were happy to meet some interesting people.

  1. The little boy was afraid when he jumped into the pool.
  2. She is proud that she is the leader of the group.
  3. The students were excited when they heard that they had won the competition.
  4. My mother was very surprised when she heard I would take part in the storytelling contest.
  5. I’m sorry if I may disturb you.

Ví dụ 2. Exercise 3, page 33 course book

Combine the sentences, using to-infinitives.

  1. Don’t expect that everybody will understand you. It’s unreasonable.
  2. We can’t guess what will happen. It’s impossible.
  3. Everyone can learn some simple sentences in English such as How are you? or Thank you. It’s easy.
  4. You should take a map with you when travelling in a foreign country. It’s necessary.
  5. You can finish the project on your own. It’s possible.

Ví dụ 3. Exercise 4, page 33 course book

Rewrite the sentences, using the nouns in brackets and a to-infinitive phrase.

  1. You are not ill so you don’t have to stay in bed. (need)
  2. My teacher is able to make complicated things easy to understand. (ability)
  3. That he decided to take part in the contest surprised all of us. (decision)
  4. I was not allowed to go to the party. (permission)
  5. I didn’t know that they were going to Nha Trang for the summer holidays. (plan)

Ví dụ 4. Exercise 1, page 36 course book

Read the advertisement for life skills courses in Teenage Magazine below and answer the questions.

  1. What courses are advertised?
  2. Who are the courses for?
  3. What skills do you think you will be taught if you take the ‛Coping with loneliness’ course?
  4. What will you get if you enroll early?.
  5. What can you do if you need more information about the courses?

Ví dụ 5. Exercise 2, page 37 course book

Denise is interested in the life skills courses. Below is her letter asking for further information, but the parts are jumbled-up. Put them in the right order according to the given template.

April 21st, 2013

Dear Ms. Brown,
(a) I am a first year student and live away from home. Although I have close friends, I miss my family very much. I don’t like being alone and I always need someone to be around me. I don’t know how to overcome the feeling of loneliness so I can become more independent.
(b) I would also like to know how much the tuition fee will be if I enroll early.

(c) Thank you very much for your time. I look forward to hearing from you.
(d) I am writing to enquire about the life skills courses you advertised in Teenage Magazine.
(e) I hope that your answers to my questions will help me to make the right decision about the course.
(f) Could you advise me which of the courses I should take?
Sincerely,
Denise

Letter template:

Date
Greeting
Content

  1. Stating the reason for writing the letter and / or giving reference  
  2. Giving background information 
  3. Requesting advice based on the background information 
  4. Requesting further information  
  5. Expressing hope 
  6. Thank-you note and formal closing  

Signature

Ví dụ 6. Exercise 4, page 37 course book

Imagine that you have one of the problems above. Write a letter similar to the one in Exercise 2 to Ms. Brown for advice on a suitable course and get further information about:

  • course duration 
  • lecturer / trainer
  • starting date
  • certificate, etc. 

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